Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2021
|BRIDGE INVESTMENT GROUP HOLDINGS INC [Member]|
|Subsidiary or Equity Method Investee [Line Items]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
The accompanying financial statement of the Company has been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”).
|BRIDGE INVESTMENT GROUP HOLDINGS LLC [Member]|
|Subsidiary or Equity Method Investee [Line Items]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
— The accompanying condensed combined financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”). The Operating Company and Bridge GPs have historically been under common control. The condensed combined financial statements include the accounts of Bridge wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in the condensed combined financial statements.
Basis of Combination and Presentation
— The Company consolidates entities in which it has a controlling financial interest by first considering if an entity meets the definition of a variable interest entity (“VIE”) for which the Company is deemed to be the primary beneficiary, or if the Company has the power to control an entity through a majority of voting interest or through other arrangements.
Principles of Consolidation
— A VIE is consolidated by its primary beneficiary, which is defined as the party who has a controlling financial interest in the VIE through (a) power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly affect the VIE’s economic performance, and (b) obligation to absorb losses or right to receive benefits of the VIE that could be significant to the VIE. The Company also considers interests held by its related parties, including de facto agents. The Company may perform a related party analysis to assess whether it is a member of a related party group that collectively meets the power and benefits criteria and, if so, whether the Company is most closely associated with the VIE. In performing the related party analysis, the Company considers both qualitative and quantitative factors, including, but not limited to: the amount and characteristics of its investment relative to the related party; the Company’s and the related party’s ability to control or significantly influence key decisions of the VIE including consideration of involvement by de facto agents; the obligation or likelihood for the Company or the related party to fund operating losses of the VIE; and the similarity and significance of the VIE’s business activities to those of the Company and the related party. The determination of whether an entity is a VIE, and whether the Company is the primary beneficiary, may involve significant judgment, including the determination of which activities most significantly affect the entities’ performance, and estimates about the current and future fair values and performance of assets held by the VIE.
Variable Interest Entities
— Unlike VIEs, voting interest entities have sufficient equity to finance their activities and equity investors exhibit the characteristics of a controlling financial interest through their voting rights. The Company consolidates such entities when it has the power to control these entities through ownership of a majority of the entities’ voting interests or through other arrangements.
Voting Interest Entities
At each reporting period, the Company reassesses whether changes in facts and circumstances cause a change in the status of an entity as a VIE or voting interest entity, and/or a change in the Company’s consolidation assessment. Changes in consolidation status are applied prospectively. An entity may be consolidated as a result of this reassessment, in which case, the assets, liabilities and
non-controllinginterest in the entity are recorded at fair value upon initial consolidation. Any existing equity interest held by the Company in the entity prior to the Company obtaining control will be remeasured at fair value, which may result in a gain or loss recognized upon initial consolidation. The Company may also deconsolidate a subsidiary as a result of this reassessment, which may result in a gain or loss recognized upon deconsolidation depending on the carrying values of deconsolidated assets and liabilities compared to the fair value of any interests retained.
Non-controllinginterests represent the share of consolidated entities owned by third parties. Bridge recognizes each
non-controllingshareholder’s respective ownership at the estimated fair value of the net assets at the date of formation or acquisition.
Non-controllinginterests are subsequently adjusted for the
non-controllingshareholder’s additional contributions, distributions and their share of the net earnings or losses of each respective consolidated entity. Net income is allocated to
non-controllinginterests based on the weighted-average ownership interest during the period. The net income that is not attributable to Bridge is reflected in net income attributable to
non-controllinginterests in the combined statements of operations and comprehensive income and net investment in the common control group.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of condensed combined financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
The outbreak of the novel coronavirus
(“COVID-19”)pandemic has caused uncertainty and disruption in the global economy and financial markets. As a result, management’s estimates and assumptions may be subject to a higher degree of variability and volatility that may result in material differences from the current period.
— The Company considers all cash on hand, demand deposits with financial institutions and short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents are financial instruments that are exposed to concentrations of credit risk. Cash balances may be invested in money market accounts that are not insured. The Company holds and invests its cash with high-credit quality institutions in amounts that regularly exceed the amount insured by the FDIC for a single financial institution. However, the Company has not realized any losses in such cash investments or accounts and believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
— Restricted cash primarily consists of a collateral trust account for the benefit of the insurance carriers associated with BIGRM. These funds are held as collateral for the insurance carriers in the event of a claim that would require a high deductible payment from BIGRM.
— The Company’s marketable securities are classified as
and reported at fair value, with changes in fair value recognized through realized and unrealized gains (losses) on investments. Fair value is based on quoted prices for identical assets in active markets. Realized gains and losses are determined on the basis for the actual cost of the securities sold. Dividends on equity securities are recognized in income when declared.
— GAAP establishes a hierarchal disclosure framework that prioritizes the inputs used in measuring financial instruments at fair value into three levels based on their market price observability. Market price observability is affected by a number of factors, including the type of instrument and the characteristics specific to the instrument. Financial instruments with readily available quoted prices from an active market or for which fair value can be measured based on actively quoted prices generally have a higher degree of market price observability and a lesser degree of judgment inherent in measuring fair value.
Financial assets and liabilities measured and reported at fair value are classified as follows:
In some instances, an instrument may fall into more than one level of the fair value hierarchy. In such instances, the instrument’s level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest of the three levels (with Level 3 being the lowest) that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of an input requires judgment and considers factors specific to the instrument. The Company accounts for the transfer of assets into or out of each fair value hierarchy level as of the beginning of the reporting period. (See Note 8 for further detail
— The fair value option provides an option to elect fair value as a measurement alternative for selected financial instruments. (See Note 8 for further detail). The fair value option may be elected only upon the occurrence of certain specified events, including when the Company enters into an eligible firm commitment, at initial recognition of the financial instrument, as well as upon a business combination or consolidation of a subsidiary. The election is irrevocable unless a new election event occurs. The Company elected the fair value option for the General Partner Notes Payable.
Fair Value Option
non-controlling,unconsolidated ownership interest in an entity may be accounted for using one of: (i) equity method where applicable; (ii) fair value option if elected; (iii) fair value through earnings if fair value is readily determinable, including election of net asset value (“NAV”) practical expedient where applicable; or (iv) for equity investments without readily determinable fair values, the measurement alternative to measure at cost adjusted for any impairment and observable price changes, as applicable.
Changes in fair value of equity method investments are recorded in realized and unrealized gains (losses).
Equity Method Investments
The Company accounts for investments under the equity method of accounting if it has the ability to exercise significant influence over the operating and financial policies of an entity but does not have a controlling financial interest. The equity method investment is initially recorded at cost and adjusted each period for capital contributions, distributions and the Company’s share of the entity’s net income or loss as well as other comprehensive income or loss. The Company’s share of net income or loss may differ from the stated ownership percentage interest in an entity if the governing documents prescribe a substantive
non-proportionateearnings allocation formula or a preferred return to certain investors. The Company’s share of earnings (losses) from equity method investments is determined using a balance sheet approach referred to as the hypothetical liquidation at book value (“HLBV”) method. Under the HLBV method, at the end of each reporting period Bridge calculates the accrued performance allocations that would be due to Bridge for each fund pursuant to the fund agreements as if the fair value of the underlying investments were realized as of such date, irrespective of whether such amounts have been realized. As the fair value of underlying investments varies between reporting periods, it is necessary to make adjustments to amounts recorded as accrued performance allocations to reflect either (a) positive performance resulting in an increase in the accrued performance allocation to the general partner, or (b) negative performance that would cause the amount due to Bridge to be less than the amount previously recognized as revenue, resulting in a negative adjustment to the accrued performance allocation to the general partner. In each scenario, it is necessary to calculate the accrued performance allocation on cumulative results compared to the accrued performance allocation recorded to date and make the required positive or negative adjustments. Bridge ceases to record negative performance allocations once previously accrued performance allocations for such fund have been fully reversed. Bridge is not obligated to pay guaranteed returns or hurdles in this situation, and therefore, cannot have negative performance allocations over the life of a fund. The carrying amounts of equity method investments are reflected in investments in the combined balance sheets.
For certain equity method investments, the Company records its proportionate share of income on a one to three-month lag. Distributions of operating profits from equity method investments are reported as operating activities, while distributions in excess of operating profits are reported as investing activities in the combined statements of cash flows under the cumulative earnings approach.
Evaluation of impairment applies to equity method investments and equity investments under the measurement alternative. If indicators of impairment exist, the Company will estimate the fair value of its investment. In assessing fair value, the Company generally considers, among others, the estimated enterprise value of the investee or fair value of the investee’s underlying net assets, including net cash flows to be generated by the investee as applicable, and for equity method investees with publicly traded equity, the traded price of the equity securities in an active market.
For investments under the measurement alternative, if the carrying value of the investment exceeds its fair value, an impairment is deemed to have occurred.
For equity method investments, further consideration is made if a decrease in value of the investment is other-than-temporary to determine if impairment loss should be recognized. Assessment of other-than-temporary impairment (“OTTI”) involves management judgment, including, but not limited to, consideration of the investee’s financial condition, operating results, business prospects and creditworthiness, the Company’s ability and intent to hold the investment until recovery of its carrying value, or a significant and prolonged decline in traded price of the investee’s equity security. If management is unable to reasonably assert that an impairment is temporary or believes that the Company may not fully recover the carrying value of its investment, then the impairment is considered to be other-than-temporary.
— Receivables consist principally of amounts due from the funds and other affiliates. These include receivables associated with fund or asset management fees, property management fees and other fees. Additionally, the Company is entitled to reimbursements and/or recovers certain costs paid on behalf of the private funds managed by the Company and related properties operated by the Company, which include: (i) organization and offering costs associated with the formation and offering; (ii) direct and indirect operating costs associated with managing the operations of the properties; and (iii) costs incurred in performing investment due diligence.
Receivables from Affiliates
The Company facilitates the payments of these fees, which are recorded as receivables-principally from affiliated parties on the combined balance sheets, until such amounts are repaid. The Company assesses the collectability of such receivables considering the offering period, historical and forecasted capital raising, and establishes an allowance for any balances considered not collectible. None of the receivables were considered not collectible at the respective balance sheet dates.
— During the normal course of business, the Company makes short-term uncollateralized loans to the funds for asset acquisition and working capital. The Company also has notes receivable with employees to purchase an equity interest in the Company or its affiliates or managed funds. Interest income is recognized based upon contractual interest rate and unpaid principal balance of the loans. Loan fees on originated loans are deferred and amortized as adjustments to interest income over the expected life of the loans using the effective yield method.
Notes Receivable from Affiliates and Employees
— Prepaid and other current assets consist of prepaid expenses, primarily related to software contracts, which are usually for multiple months and are amortized on a straight-line basis over the life of the contract. Additionally, there was a $1.1 million refundable deposit until January 1, 2021 related to a subscription in a sponsored fund, which was invested on January 1, 2021.
Prepaid and Other Current Assets
— Tenant improvements, furniture and equipment are stated at cost, net of depreciation. Tenant improvements are depreciated on a straight-line basis over shorter of remaining lease term or remaining useful life of the improvement. Depreciation of furniture and equipment is computed on the straight-line basis over estimated useful lives of three to ten years.
Tenant Improvements, Furniture and Equipment
— The Company’s finite-lived intangible assets primarily consist of acquired contractual rights to earn future management and advisory fee income. Intangible assets with a finite life are amortized based on the pattern in which the estimated economic benefits of the intangible asset on a straight-line basis, ranging from 6 to 10 years. Intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to estimated undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the intangible. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated future cash flows, an impairment charge is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the fair value of the asset.
— The Company has goodwill of $9.8
million related to the acquisition of Bridge Property Management, L.C. (“BPM”) and Bridge Acquisitions, Asset Management, and Dispositions LLC (“BAA&D”) in 2012, and Bridge Commercial Real Estate LLC (“BCRE”) and other Fairlead companies in 2016. Goodwill represents the excess amount of consideration transferred in a business combination above the fair value of the identifiable net assets. Goodwill is assessed for impairment at least annually using a qualitative and, if necessary, a quantitative approach. The Company performs its annual goodwill impairment test as of December 31, or more frequently, if events and circumstances indicate that an impairment may exist. Goodwill is tested for impairment at the reporting unit level. The initial assessment for impairment under the qualitative approach is to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the qualitative assessment indicates that it is more likely than not that the fair value of a reporting unit is less than the carrying amount, a quantitative assessment is performed to measure the amount of impairment loss, if any. The quantitative assessment includes comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, an impairment loss is recognized equal to the lesser of (a) the difference between the carrying amount of the reporting unit and its fair value and (b) the total carrying amount of the reporting unit’s goodwill. The Company performed annual goodwill impairment assessments as of December 31, 2020 and 2019 and determined that therewas no impairment of goodwill as of either date.
The Company also tests goodwill for impairment in other periods if an event occurs or circumstances change such that is more likely than not to reduce the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying amount. Inherent in such fair value determinations are certain judgments and estimates relating to future cash flows, including the Company’s interpretation of current economic indicators and market valuations, and assumptions about the Company’s strategic plans with regard to its operations. Due to the uncertainties associated with such estimates, actual results could differ from such estimates. As of June 30, 2021, there were no indicators of goodwill impairment.
— Other assets is comprised of deferred income taxes related to the operations of BIGRM and financing costs related to a line of credit arrangement, which are amortized on the straight-line basis over the life of the line of credit. Additionally, the Company capitalized costs to obtain the contracts when the investor is deemed to be a customer.
— Accounts payables and accrued expenses include payables to vendors, interest payable, and payables to the properties and funds during the normal course of business.
Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses
— Other current liabilities include unearned management fees, advanced payments and short-term deferred rent obligations.
Other Current Liabilities
— Other long-term liabilities include long-term deferred rent obligations and lease incentives.
Other Long-term Liabilities
— The Company evaluates each purchase transaction to determine whether the acquired assets meet the definition of a business. If substantially all of the fair value of gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets, then the set of transferred assets and activities is not a business. If not, for an acquisition to be considered a business, it would have to include an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create outputs (i.e., there is a continuation of revenue before and after the transaction). A substantive process is not ancillary or minor, cannot be replaced without significant costs, effort or delay or is otherwise considered unique or scarce. To qualify as a business without outputs, the acquired assets would require an organized workforce with the necessary skills, knowledge and experience that performs a substantive process.
Definition of a Business
— For acquisitions that are not deemed to be businesses, the assets acquired are recognized based on their cost to the Company as the acquirer and no gain or loss is recognized. The cost of assets acquired in a group is allocated to individual assets within the group based on their relative fair values and does not give rise to goodwill. Transaction costs related to acquisition of assets are included in the cost basis of the assets acquired.
— The Company accounts for acquisitions that qualify as business combinations by applying the acquisition method. Transaction costs related to acquisition of a business are expensed as incurred and excluded from the fair value of consideration transferred. The identifiable assets acquired, liabilities assumed and
Acquisitions of Businesses
non-controllinginterests in an acquired entity are recognized and measured at their estimated fair values. The excess of the fair value of consideration transferred over the fair values of identifiable assets acquired, liabilities assumed and
non-controllinginterests in an acquired entity, net of fair value of any previously held interest in the acquired entity, is recorded as goodwill. Such valuations require management to make significant estimates and assumptions.
— Revenues consist of fund management fees, property management and leasing fees, construction management fees, development fees, transaction fees, insurance premiums and other asset management and property income. The Company recognizes revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company’s revenue is based on contracts with a determinable transaction price and distinct performance obligations with probable collectability. Revenues are not recognized until the performance obligation(s) are satisfied.
Fund Management Fees
Fund management fees are generally based on a defined percentage of total commitments, invested capital or NAV of the investment portfolios managed by the Fund Managers. Following the expiration or termination of the investment period, the basis on which management fees are earned for certain
closed-endfunds and managed accounts, generally changes from committed capital to invested capital with no change in the management fee rate. The fees are generally based on a quarterly measurement period and amounts are paid in advance of recognizing revenue. Management fees are recognized as revenue in the period advisory services are rendered, subject to our assessment of collectability. Fund management fees also include management fees for joint ventures and separately managed accounts. For Company sponsored
closed-endfunds, the capital raising period is generally
18-24months. The Fund Managers charge
catch-upmanagement fees to investors who subscribe in later closings in amounts equal to the fees they would have paid if they had been in the initial closing (plus interest as if the investor had subscribed in the initial closing).
Catch-upmanagement fees are recognized in the period in which the limited partner subscribes to the fund. Fund management fees are presented net of placement agent fees, where Bridge is acting as an agent in the arrangement.
Property Management and Leasing Fees
Property management fees are earned as the related services are provided under the terms of the respective property management agreements. Included in management fees are certain expense reimbursements where the Company is considered the principal under the agreements and is required to record the expense and related reimbursement revenue on a gross basis. The Company also earns revenue associated with the leasing of commercial assets. The revenue is recognized upon the execution of the lease agreement.
Construction Management Fees
Construction management fees are earned as the services are provided under the terms of the property management agreement with each property.
Development fees are earned as the services are provided under the terms of the development agreement with each asset.
The Company earns transaction fees associated with the due diligence related to the acquisition of assets and financing of assets. The fees are recognized upon the acquisition of the asset or origination of the mortgage or other debt, as applicable.
BIGRM insures multifamily and commercial properties owned by the funds. BIGRM insures direct risks including lease security deposit fulfillment, lessor legal liability, workers compensation deductible, property deductible and general liability deductible reimbursements. Tenant liability premiums are earned monthly. Deposit eliminator premiums are earned in the month that they are written. Workers’ compensation and property deductible premiums are earned over the terms of the policy period.
Other Asset Management and Property Income
Other Asset Management and Property Income is comprised of, among other things interest on
catch-upmanagement fees, fees related to
in-houselegal and tax professional fees, which is generally billed on an hourly rate to various Bridge funds and properties and other miscellaneous fees.
Investment Income (inclusive of incentive fees performance allocation)
Performance income is based on certain specific hurdle rates as defined in the applicable investment management agreements or fund or joint venture governing documents. Substantially all performance income is earned from funds and joint ventures managed by affiliates of the Company.
Incentive fees comprise fees earned from certain fund investor investment mandates for which the Company does not have a general partner interest in a fund. The Company recognizes incentive fee revenue only when these amounts are realized and no longer subject to significant reversal, which is typically at the end of a defined performance period and/or upon expiration of the associated clawback period.
Carried interest is allocated to the Company based on cumulative fund performance to date, subject to the achievement of minimum return levels in accordance with the respective terms set out in each fund’s partnership agreement or other governing documents. At the end of each reporting period, a fund will allocate carried interest applicable to the Company based upon an assumed liquidation of that fund’s net assets on the reporting date, irrespective of whether such amounts have been realized. Carried interest is recorded to the extent such amounts have been allocated and may be subject to reversal to the extent that the amount allocated exceeds the amount due to the general partner based on a fund’s cumulative investment returns. Accordingly, the amount recognized as performance allocation revenue reflects our share of the gains and losses of the associated fund’s underlying investments measured at their then-fair values, relative to the fair values as of the end of the prior period.
As the fair value of underlying assets varies between reporting periods, it is necessary to make adjustments to amounts recorded as carried interest to reflect either (i) positive performance resulting in an increase in the carried interest allocated to the Company or (ii) negative performance that would cause the amount due to the Company to be less than the amount previously recognized as revenue, resulting in a reversal of previously recognized carried interest allocated to the Company. Accrued but unpaid carried interest as of the reporting date is recorded within accrued performance allocations compensation in the combined balance sheet.
Carried interest is realized when an underlying investment is profitably disposed of, and the fund’s cumulative returns are in excess of the specific hurdle rates as defined in the applicable investment management agreements or fund or joint venture governing documents. Since carried interest is subject to reversal, the Company may need to accrue for potential repayment of previously received carried interest. This accrual represents all amounts previously distributed to the Company that would need to be repaid to the funds if the funds were to be liquidated based on the current fair value of the underlying funds’ investments as of the reporting date. The actual repayment obligations, however, generally do not become realized until the end of a fund’s life.
The Company accounts for carried interest, which represents a performance-based capital allocation from a fund General Partner to the Company, as earnings from financial assets within the scope of ASC 323,
. The underlying investments in the funds upon which the allocation is based reflect valuations on a three-month lag. The Company recognizes performance allocation as a separate revenue line item in the combined statements of operations with uncollected carried interest as of the reporting date reported within investments in the combined balance sheet.
Investments—Equity Method and Joint Ventures
— Compensation comprises salaries, bonus (including discretionary awards), related benefits, share-based compensation, and cost of processing payroll. Bonuses are accrued over the employment period to which they relate. Equity-classified awards granted to employees that have a service condition only are measured at fair value at date of grant and remeasured at fair value only upon a modification of the award. Fair value is determined using a Monte Carlo valuation at date of grant or date of remeasurement. The Company recognizes compensation expense over the requisite service period of the awards, with the amount of compensation expense recognized at the end of a reporting period at least equal to the fair value of the portion of the award that has vested through that date. Compensation expense is adjusted for actual forfeitures upon occurrence. Please refer to Note 22 for additional information.
Employee Compensation and Benefits
— A portion of the performance allocations earned is awarded to employees in the form of carried interest (“carry awards”). The Company evaluates performance allocation awards to determine if they are liability-classified carry awards or equity-classified carried awards.
Performance Allocations Compensation
Liability-classified carry awards to employees and other participants are accounted for as a component of compensation and benefits expense contemporaneously with our recognition of the related realized and unrealized performance allocation revenue. Upon a reversal of performance allocation revenue, the related compensation expense, if any, is also reversed. Liabilities recognized for carried interest amounts due to affiliates are not paid until the related performance allocation revenue is realized. The Company records incentive fee compensation when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount is reasonably estimable. The incentive fee compensation accrual is based on a number of factors, including the cumulative activity for the period and the expected timing of the distribution of the net proceeds in accordance with the applicable governing agreement.
— Third-party operating expenses represent transactions, largely operation and leasing of assets, with third party operators of real estate owned by the funds where the Company was determined to be the principal rather than the agent in the transaction.
Third-party Operating Expenses
— Realized gains (losses) occur when the Company redeems all or a portion of its investment or when the Company receives cash income, such as dividends or distributions. Unrealized appreciation (depreciation) results from changes in the fair value of the underlying investment as well as from the reversal of previously recognized unrealized appreciation (depreciation) at the time an investment is realized. The Company’s share of the investee’s income and expenses for the Company’s equity method investments (exclusive of carried interest) is also included within realized and unrealized gains (losses). Realized and unrealized gains (losses) are presented together as realized and unrealized gains (losses) in the combined statements of operations.
Realized and Unrealized Gains (Losses)
The realized and unrealized change in gain (loss) associated with the financial instruments that we elect the fair value option is also included in realized and unrealized gains (losses).
— Interest (other than interest on
catch-upmanagement fees) and other investment income are included in interest income. Interest income is recognized on an accrual basis to the extent that such amounts are expected to be collected using the effective interest method.
— The U.S. dollar is the Company’s functional currency; however, certain transactions of the Company may not be denominated in U.S. dollars. Foreign exchange revaluation arising from these transactions is recognized within other income (expense) in the combined statements of operations. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2021, transaction losses related to foreign currencies revaluation were immaterial.
In addition, the consolidated results include certain foreign subsidiaries that use functional currencies other than the U.S. dollar. Assets and liabilities of these foreign subsidiaries are translated to U.S. dollars at the prevailing exchange rates as of the reporting date. Income and expense and gain and loss transactions denominated in foreign currencies are generally translated into U.S. dollars monthly using the average exchange rates during the respective transaction period. Translation adjustments resulting from this process are recorded to currency translation adjustment in accumulated other comprehensive income.
— Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the periods in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the period in which the enactment date occurs. Under ASC 740,
Income Tax Provision
(“ASC 740”), a valuation allowance is established when management believes it is more likely than not that a deferred tax asset will not be realized.
The Company’s policy is to recognize accrued interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions in income tax expense in the condensed combined financial statements. At June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company did not have a liability recorded for payment of interest and penalties associated with uncertain tax positions.
Other than BIGRM and Bridge PM, Inc., Bridge and its subsidiaries are limited liability companies and, as such, are not subject to income taxes; the individual Members of Bridge are required to report their distributive share of the Company’s realized income, gains, losses, deductions, or credits on their individual income tax returns.
— Comprehensive income consists of net income and other appreciation (depreciation) affecting the net investment of the common control group that, under GAAP, are excluded from net income. The Company’s other comprehensive income includes foreign currency translation adjustments.
— The Company operates its business in a single segment, which is how the chief operating decision maker (who is our chairman) reviews financial performance and allocates resources.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In October 2018, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”)
2018-17,an update to ASC Topic 810,
2018-17requires reporting entities to consider indirect interests held by related parties under common control on a proportional basis rather than as the equivalent of a direct interest in its entirety in determining whether a decision-making fee is a variable interest. ASU
2018-17is effective for interim and annual reporting periods in fiscal years that begin after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted the provisions of ASU
2018-17on January 1, 2020. This adoption did not have an impact on the condensed combined financial statements.
— In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU
The ASU requires new disclosures of changes in unrealized gains and losses in other comprehensive income for recurring Level 3 fair value measurements of instruments held at balance sheet date, as well as the range and weighted average or other quantitative information, if more relevant, of significant unobservable inputs for recurring and nonrecurring Level 3 fair values. Certain previously required disclosures are eliminated, specifically around the valuation process required for Level 3 fair values, policy for timing of transfers between levels of the fair value hierarchy, as well as amounts and reason for transfers between Levels 1 and 2. Additionally, the new guidance clarifies or modifies certain existing disclosures, including clarifying that information about measurement uncertainty of Level 3 fair values should be as of reporting date and requiring disclosures of the timing of liquidity events for investments measured under the NAV practical expedient, but only if the investee has communicated this information or has announced it publicly. The provisions on new disclosures and modification to disclosure of Level 3 measurement uncertainty are to be applied prospectively, while all other provisions are to be applied retrospectively. ASU
Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurements.
No. 2018-13was effective January 1, 2020. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company’s existing disclosures.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements (Not Yet Adopted)
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU
(Topic 842). ASU
2016-02requires an entity to recognize
assets and lease liabilities on its balance sheet for all leases and to disclose certain information about leasing arrangements. Lessees and lessors are required to disclose qualitative and quantitative information about leasing arrangements to enable a user of the financial statements to assess the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. For public business entities, ASU
2016-02was effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. On June 3, 2020, the FASB extended the adoption date for all other entities, including emerging growth companies (“EGCs”), as defined by the SEC, that have elected to defer adoption until the standard is effective for
non-publicbusiness entities, to annual periods beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted. The Company qualifies as an EGC and has elected to take advantage of the extended transition period afforded to EGCs as it applies to the adoption of new accounting standards. Upon adoption of this guidance, the Company expects to record
assets and lease liabilities on its combined balance sheets, relating to its operating leases. However, the Company does not expect the adoption to materially impact its combined statements of operations because substantially all of its leases are classified as operating leases, which will continue to be recognized as expense on a straight-line basis under the new guidance.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU
Financial Instruments—Credit Losses, which changes the accounting for recognizing impairments of financial assets. Under this guidance, credit losses for certain types of financial instruments will be estimated based on expected losses. The guidance also modifies the impairment models for
debt securities and purchased financial assets with credit deterioration since their origination. This guidance is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2022 for EGCs that have elected to defer adoption until the guidance becomes effective for
non-publicentities, with early adoption permitted. The Company does not expect the adoption to have a material impact to our financial statements.
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU
Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. The amendments in this update simplify the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740. The amendments also improve consistent application of and simplify GAAP for other areas of Topic 740 by clarifying and amending existing guidance. ASU
2019-12is effective for public entities for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2020 and interim periods within those reporting periods, with early adoption permitted. The amendments in this update related to separate financial statements of legal entities that are not subject to tax should be applied on a retrospective basis for all periods presented. The amendments related to changes in ownership of foreign equity method investments or foreign subsidiaries should be applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. The amendments related to franchise taxes that are partially based on income should be applied on either a retrospective basis for all periods presented or a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the fiscal year of adoption. All other amendments should be applied on a prospective basis. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on the condensed combined financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef
Line items represent financial concepts included in a table. These concepts are used to disclose reportable information associated with domain members defined in one or many axes to the table.
No definition available.