|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2022
|Subsidiary or Equity Method Investee [Line Items]|
Bridge Investment Group Holdings Inc. (the “Company”) is a leading, vertically integrated real estate investment manager, diversified across specialized asset classes. Our business operation includes ten specialized and synergistic investment platforms, including Multifamily, Workforce and Affordable Housing, Seniors Housing, Office, Development, Net Lease Income, Logistics, Debt Strategies, Agency MBS and Single-Family Rental. We provide investors with a diverse range of real estate investment products managed by our dedicated, specialized and synergistic investment teams. Our broad range of products allow us to capture new market opportunities and serve investors with various investment objectives.
The Company was incorporated as a Delaware corporation on March 18, 2021, for the purpose of facilitating an initial public offering (“IPO”) and other related transactions in order to carry on the business of Bridge Investment Group Holdings LLC (formerly known as Bridge Investment Group LLC, or, the “Operating Company”), and its wholly owned subsidiaries. The Company is the sole managing member of the Operating Company, and its only material asset is its ownership interest in the Operating Company. As the sole managing member of the Operating Company, Bridge Investment Group Holdings Inc. indirectly operates and controls all of the Operating Company’s business and affairs.
The Operating Company is the ultimate controlling entity, through its wholly owned subsidiary Bridge Fund Management Holdings LLC, of the following investment manager entities, which we refer to collectively as the Fund Managers: Bridge Multifamily Fund Manager LLC, Bridge Seniors Housing Fund Manager LLC (”BSHM”), Bridge Debt Strategies Fund Manager LLC, Bridge Office Fund Manager LLC (”BOFM”), Bridge Development Fund Manager LLC, Bridge Agency MBS Fund Manager LLC, Bridge Net Lease Fund Manager LLC, Bridge Logistics Properties Fund Manager LLC, and Bridge Single-Family Rental Fund Manager LLC (together, the “Fund Managers”). The Fund Managers provide real estate and fund investment advisory services on a discretionary basis to multiple investment funds and other vehicles, including joint venture real estate projects, separately managed accounts and privately offered real estate-related limited partnerships, including any parallel investment vehicles and feeder funds (collectively, the “funds”). The Operating Company is entitled to a pro rata portion of the management fees of the funds based on its ownership in the Fund Managers.
Each time that we establish a new fund, our direct owners establish a new general partner for that fund. We refer to these general partners collectively as the “Bridge GPs.” The Operating Company and the Bridge GPs are under common control by the direct owners of the Operating Company and the Bridge GPs. Under the terms of the Bridge GP operating agreements, they are entitled to performance fees from the funds once certain threshold returns are achieved for the limited partners.
Reorganization in Connection with IPO
In connection with the IPO, the Company completed a series of organizational transactions (the “Transactions”). The Transactions included:
The Operating Company amended and restated its existing limited liability company agreement to, among other things, (1) convert the Operating Company to a limited liability company organized under the laws of the State of Delaware, (2) change the name of the Operating Company from “Bridge Investment Group LLC” to “Bridge Investment Group Holdings LLC,” (3) convert all existing ownership interests in the Operating Company into 97,463,981 Class A Units and a like amount of Class B Units and (4) appoint the Company as the sole managing member of the Operating Company upon its acquisition of LLC Interests;
The Company amended and restated its certificate of incorporation to, among other things, provide for (1) the recapitalization of the Company’s outstanding shares of existing common stock into one share of Class A common stock, (2) the authorization of additional shares of Class A common stock, with each share of Class A common stock entitling its holder to one vote per share on all matters presented to the Company’s stockholders generally and (3) the authorization of shares of Class B common stock, with each share of Class B common stock entitling its holder to ten votes per share on all matters presented to the Company’s stockholders generally, and that shares of Class B common stock may only be held by the Continuing Equity Owners and their respective permitted transferees;
A series of transactions were effectuated such that, among other things, direct and indirect owners of interests in the Operating Company, various fund manager entities, and certain general partner entities contributed all or part of their respective interests to the Operating Company shares of Class B common stock and Class A Units, a portion of which were further contributed to the Company in exchange for shares of Class A common stock; and
The Company entered into (1) a stockholders agreement with certain of the Continuing Equity Owners (including each of our executive officers), (2) a registration rights agreement with certain of the Continuing Equity Owners (including each of our executive officers) and (3) a tax receivable agreement with the Operating Company and the Continuing Equity Owners (the “Tax Receivable Agreement”).
Initial Public Offering
On July 20, 2021, the Company completed its initial public offering of 18,750,000 shares of its Class A common stock at a public offering price of $16.00 per share (the “IPO”) receiving approximately $277.2 million in net proceeds, after deducting the underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses. The net proceeds from the IPO were used to purchase 18,750,000 newly issued Class A common units (“Class A Units”) from the Operating Company at a price per unit equal to the initial public offering price per share of Class A common stock in the IPO, less the underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses. The Operating Company used net proceeds from the public offering to pay approximately $139.9 million in cash to redeem certain of the Class A Units held directly or indirectly by certain of the owners of LLC Interests in the Operating Company, prior to the IPO (collectively, “Original Equity Owners”). See Note 16, “Shareholders’ Equity,” for additional details.
In connection with the IPO, owners of the Contributed Bridge GPs contributed 24% to 40% of their interests in the respective Contributed Bridge GPs in exchange for LLC Interests in the Operating Company. Prior to the IPO, the Operating Company did not have any direct interest in the Contributed Bridge GPs. These combined financial statements prior to the IPO include 100% of the operations of the Contributed Bridge GPs for the periods presented on the basis of common control.
Subsequently, on August 12, 2021, the underwriters exercised their over-allotment option to purchase an additional 1,416,278 shares of our Class A common stock. The Company used 100% of the net proceeds of approximately $18.2 million, after taking into account the underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses, to purchase 1,416,278 newly issued Class A Units directly from the Operating Company, at a price per Class A Unit equal to the IPO price per share of Class A common stock in the IPO, less the underwriting discounts and commissions and estimated offering expenses payable by the Company. The Operating Company used all of the net proceeds from the sale of Class A Units to the Company related to this over-allotment option to redeem certain of the Class A Units held directly or indirectly by certain of the Original Equity Owners.
Prior to the IPO, the Operating Company and the then-existing Bridge GPs were under common control by the Original Equity Owners. The Original Equity Owners had the ability to control the Operating Company and each applicable Bridge GP and manage and operate these entities through the Fund Managers, a common board of directors, common ownership, and shared resources and facilities. The Operating Company and the then-existing Bridge GPs represented the predecessor history for the consolidated operations. As a result, the financial statements for the periods prior to the IPO are the combined financial statements of the Operating Company and the then-existing Bridge GPs, as applicable, as the predecessor to the Company for accounting and reporting purposes. We carried forward unchanged the value of the related assets and liabilities recognized in the Contributed Bridge GPs’ financial statements prior to the IPO into our financial statements. We have assessed the Contributed Bridge GPs for consolidation subsequent to the Transactions and IPO and have concluded that the Contributed GPs represent variable interests for which the Operating Company is the primary beneficiary. As a result, the Operating Company consolidates the Contributed Bridge GPs following the Transactions. BDS I GP LLC was not contributed as part of the Transactions and as such, was derecognized upon the Company’s IPO.
As part of the Transactions, the Operating Company acquired the non-controlling interest of its consolidated subsidiaries BSHM and BOFM, which was accounted for as an equity transaction with no gain or loss recognized in the combined statement of operations. The carrying amounts of the non-controlling interest in BSHM and BOFM were adjusted to zero.
Following the Transactions and the IPO, the Company became a holding company whose principal asset is a controlling financial interest in the Operating Company through its ownership of the Operating Company’s Class A Units and 100% of the Class B Common Units (“Class B Units”) (voting only) in the Operating Company. The Company acts as the sole managing member of the Operating Company and, as a result, indirectly operates and controls all of the Operating Company’s business and affairs and its direct and indirect subsidiaries. As a result, the Company consolidates the financial results of the Operating Company and reports non-controlling interests related to the Class A Units of the Operating Company. The assets and liabilities of the Operating Company represent substantially all of the Company’s consolidated assets and liabilities, with the exception of certain deferred income taxes and payables due to affiliates pursuant to the Tax Receivable Agreement, as amended and restated (the “TRA”) (see Note 15, “Income Taxes,” for additional information). As of March 31, 2022, the Company held approximately 23% of the economic interest in the Operating Company. To the extent the Operating Company’s members exchange their Class A Units into the Company’s Class A common stock in the future, the Company’s economic interest in the Operating Company will increase.
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Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef
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